What is shakshuka?Simply put, shakshuka is a tomato dish with eggs. Different cultures—including those from North Africa, Yemen, and the Ottoman Empire—stake a claim to shakshuka’s origins. For that reason, it’s hard to pin down a so-called authentic shakshuka recipe, but this one’s pretty standard. In any case, shakshuka is one of the most popular breakfast dishes in Israel and is beloved in many other corners of the world.
About This Recipe
SpicesCumin and paprika are essential shakshuka spices. I also include cayenne for extra heat, and typically add a dash of turmeric for anti-inflammatory benefits. Finally, a pinch of sugar works wonders to help curb the acidity from the tomatoes.
ZhougThis one’s a doozy to say in a non-native tongue (suh + guttural ch + oog, but in one syllable) and just as challenging to transliterate precisely to English. At any rate, I’m following the lead of Trader Joe’s, which makes a tasty version of what they call a “spicy, spicy green condiment.” This delicious green hot sauce hails from Yemen, and consists of a cilantro, jalapeño, and chili base. As the TJ’s packaging implicitly warns, eat it at your own risk. However, it’s a must if you love spicy foods and are aiming for the best shakshuka recipe for your palate.
TahiniTahini is a paste made from ground, toasted sesame seeds. It’s an essential staple in any Israeli kitchen, and is also popular in many other Middle Eastern cuisines. In addition to being flavorful, tahini boasts many nutritional benefits. This anti-inflammatory dip is rich in healthy fats and plant-based protein, and is also a decent source of fiber and omega fatty acids. Further, a tablespoon or two will help you reach toward your RDA of phosphorous, iron, and calcium. Lastly, tahini can come in handy to help curb spiciness. I water my tahini paste down then add lemon juice, cumin, salt, and pepper.
What to Serve with ShakshukaThe most common way to eat shakshuka is by scooping it up with bread. Choose a pita to stay with the Middle Eastern theme; otherwise, any bread will do. Personally, I enjoy my traditional shakshuka recipe best with ciabatta or other flaky breads. When I aim to be more health-conscious, I’ll swap bread for high-fiber crackers (such as GG Bran Crispbread). You can also round out a full meal with a light salad. A classic Israeli salad consists of chopped cucumbers, tomatoes, and onions, then drizzled with lemon and a touch of olive oil.
Traditional Shakshuka Recipe
- 2 tbsp avocado oil or other cooking oil
- 1/2 yellow onion
- 2 tomatoes
- Jalapeño pepper
- 1.5 tbsp tomato paste
- 2 oz filtered water
- 1/8 tsp cumin
- 1/8 tsp paprika and/or cayenne
- 1/16 tsp turmeric
- Pinch of sugar
- Salt and pepper, to taste
- 2 eggs
- Parsley, to garnish
- Zhoug (optional)
- Tahini (optional)
- Medium pan with lid
- Preheat pan on medium-high, then coat the pan with cooking oil. Warm for 2 minutes.
- Add chopped onions and jalapeños; mix regularly. Cook for 3-4 minutes or until the onions are nearly translucent.
- Reduce heat to medium. Add chopped tomatoes and tomato paste. Gradually add water and mix until the shakshuka gets a thick liquified consistency. Add a pinch of sugar and spices, plus salt and pepper to taste.
- Crack eggs into pan and cover partially with lid. Let sit for 5-7 minutes, or until the whites are mostly cooked and the yolk is still runny.
- While the eggs are cooking, prepare tahini (if using).
- Take pan off the fire. Garnish with parsley and dallop on zhoug. Serve with tahini and a pita or your bread of choice.
Other Ways to Enjoy Shakshuka
Perhaps the only dish more beloved in Israel than shakshuka is a fresh plate of hummus. Luckily, humshuka is a thing so you can enjoy both of these traditional Middle Eastern foods. Simply cook up a smaller portion of the shakshuka recipe above, scoop it on top of hummus, and bevakasha (there you go).
There are also many different kinds of shakshuka to enjoy, including but not limited to:
- traditional shakshuka with leafy greens and bell peppers
- meat shakshuka with chorizo or lamb
- green shakshuka with kale, spinach, collard greens, Swiss chard, and/or avocado plus feta
Shakshuka is essentially a hybrid dish integral to and influenced by different cultures. With that in mind, feel free to mix it up with your favorite ingredients, condiments, breads, and side dishes. All said, the best shakshuka recipe will be the one that you make your very own.
However, the best way to enjoy your shakshuka in the Israeli style I came to know and love is by cooking up a big pan and sharing it with the people you love.